developmental milestones
July 2, 2018

Speech and language is an essential part of a child’s development. Language development affects social interactions, behavior and academic skills. Early intervention and treatment ensures better outcomes.

Author: Lauren Lowry, a Hanen Certified Speech-Language Pathologist
Source: The Hanen Center
Estimated time to read: 05:50

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June 22, 2018

This article summarizes major developmental milestones that all parents should track. Delayed developmental milestones can be early symptoms of developmental or other disorders. Early diagnosis and intervention helps improve the prognosis and outcome.

Author: Dharam Goel, MD and Myrto Frangos, MD
Source: Inceptive Education 
Estimated time to read: 02:35

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Even after toddlers can count the numbers from 1 to 10, they may not know what these numbers mean. This video shows the stages kids go through in learning the meanings of the words one,” two,” and three” before making the leap to true counting. 

Find out how a typically developing infant’s understanding of numbers develops during the first three years of his/her life.  

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Learn how a typically developing infant’s understanding of cause and effect relationships evolves during the first three years of his or her life.

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Motor Development

Motor development is the development of a child’s bones, muscles and ability to move around and interact his or her environment. Mastering motor skills is important for children’s growth and independence. Having good motor control also helps children with their cognitive development.

Motor skills is a broad category that includes a wide range of movements and activities from crawling and walking to holding a pencil or tying shoelaces. Motor skills are typically divided into two types: gross motor skills and fine motor skills. 

Gross motor skills

Gross motor skills refer to the development and control of the large muscles of the legs, arms, back and shoulders which are used in walking, sitting, running, jumping, climbing, and riding a bike. 

Fine motor skills

Fine motor skills refer to the development and control of the small muscles of the fingers and hands for activities such as grasping objects, holding, cutting, drawing, buttoning, or writing. 

Author: Changing Brains
Source: Changing Brains – Motor
Time to watch: 7:03

In this video Dr. Lisa Shulman, director of the infant toddler team at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, shows the gross motor milestones expected in typically developing babies, from head control to  walking. She explains the role of various reflexes and the specific types of motor control an infant must master before the next milestone can be achieved.

study conducted by Jessica Phillips-Silver and Laurel Trainor at McMaster University in Canada found that simultaneous experience of listening and moving to a rhythm influences infant’s sensory development. 

Author: Daily News, McMaster University
Source: McMaster University
Estimated time to read: 02:22

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May 31, 2018

This video offers simple tips for supporting the development of gross motor skills that babies need for learning to walk, run, and engage in other physical activities.

July 11, 2018

The first experiences children have with drawing and writing influence their writing development. Learn about the stages of writing development and how to encourage your child to draw and write.

Author: Zero to Three
Source: Zero to Three
Estimated time to read: 09:00

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Sensory Development: Hearing

Hearing is fully developed in newborns. Babies with normal hearing turn their heads towards a source or direction of sound and are startled by loud sounds. A three weeks old baby can distinguish between the mother’s and father’s voices and the voice of a stranger. At three to six months, their vocalizations begin to increase. According to the WHO, 60% of childhood hearing loss is preventable, therefore, it is vital for parents to understand these hearing and sound development milestones to detect early signs of hearing loss.

This video first explains anatomy of the ear and how the sound waves travel from the ear to auditory area of the brain. Then it talks about the importance of the quality of sound during  early childhood in developing good hearing as well as the signs of common hearing problems. 

Author: Changing Brains
Source: Changing Brains
Time to watch: 07:55

This checklist presents the average age by which most babies accomplish a variety of early listening and communication skills. Parents and caregivers can use this checklist to track and discuss their child’s communication development with their child’s doctor. 

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Hearing loss has significant negative impact on child’s development. This article from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) lists different areas of development that are affected by the hearing loss. Children with hearing loss remain an under-identified and underserved population. By understanding the importance of hearing and early intervention, parents can help change remedy the situation. 

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This checklist presents the average age by which most babies accomplish a variety of early listening and communication skills. Parents and caregivers can use this checklist to track and discuss their child’s communication development with their child’s doctor. 

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There are sensitive periods (also called developmental milestones or windows of opportunities) in early life when certain regions of the brain are ready to develop certain skills. In this video, psychiatrist Dr. Jean-Victor Wittenberg talks about the importance of sensitive periods and how parents can do simple things to support their children during them.